Barry J. Schoch, P.E., Secretary, Department of Transportation
Personal Mobility Devices
Electric Wheelchairs/ Electric Mobility Devices
Self-propelled wheelchairs (electric wheelchairs) or an electric mobility device, specifically designed for and used by an
individual with a mobility-related disability in lieu of walking, can be used on the berm of a roadway. These devices are not
considered vehicles as defined by Section 102 of the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code,
so they are not subject to titling, registration, insurance, inspection and driver licensing laws. Operators of these devices should
follow laws related to and be treated by motorists the same as a pedestrian.
Segway® Human Transporters are the only devices that qualify as electric personal assistive mobility
devices (EPAMDs). EPAMDs are legally allowed to be operated on sidewalks and roadways in PA, unless prohibited by local ordinance
[Pennsylvania Vehicle Code,Section 3703(c)]. However, EPAMDs are prohibited on freeways
(Section 3583). The Segway® is classified as a vehicle, but not a motor vehicle. The Segway®
is NOT subject to the titling, registration, insurance, inspection and driver licensing laws. As a vehicle, the Segway® should follow laws related to and be treated
by motorists the same as a bicycle.